At my school district, we’ve been seeing more Spanish speaking children in the past couple years. It can be difficult to assess speech and language skills in kids that don’t speak English as their primary language. I developed a Spanish articulation screening to help determine if Spanish speaking children need a referral for further evaluation.

The articulation screening that I created contains 26 different words. There are 2 stimulus pictures per page, so the screening is 13 pages long. I cut apart the pictures, laminated them, and used a spiral binding machine to fasten them together. You could also put the pages in a 3-ring binder or a folder/report cover with brad fasteners. On each picture, there is a Spanish prompt that means “What is this?” or “What are these?”

The protocol packet contains 4 pages of information to help you interpret the results of the screening. The first page lets you record the child’s response for each consonant sound. The second page shows which words assess each speech sound. The second page also shows which sounds are assessed by multiple words. You will notice that there aren’t many final consonants assessed by this screening. In Spanish, words can only end in the consonant sounds “n,d,s, z, l, r/. The third page of the packet shows the age at which Spanish speaking children master each speech sound. Here is the Spanish sound table:

Age of Acquisition for Spanish Speech Sounds

Phoneme                                   Approximate Age of Mastery

p                                                  3;0

b                                                  3;0

t                                                    3;6

m                                                 4:0

w                                                  4;0

n                                                  4;0

k                                                   4;0

y (ll)                                            4;6

f                                                    4;6

l                                                    5;0

h                                                  5;0

g                                                  5;0

ch                                                5;0

d                                                  5;0

ñ                                                 5;6

r (tap)                                       6;0

s                                                  6;0

r (trill)                                       7;0

 

Information from a Bilinguistics Inc. presentation titled “Typical Development of Speech in Spanish in Comparison to English” (2007). This presentation cited the following as references for this information:

Bedore, L (1999). The acquisition of Spanish, In O. Taylor & L. Leonard (Eds.), Language acquisition across North America: Cross cultural and cross-linguistic perspectives (pp. 157-208). San Diego: Singular Publishing Group.

The last page of the protocol packet gives other information about Spanish speech sounds, including which English sounds do not occur in Spanish words. It also gives information about frequent substitution errors that Spanish speakers may make in English words.

You can download this Spanish articulation screening at my teachers pay teachers store here: http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Spanish-Articulation-Screening

All graphics in the screening are from http://www.mycutegraphics.com and http://www.scrappindoodles.com

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